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Understanding Cemetery Symbols: The strange evolution from skulls to cherubs #cemetery #history #GraveHour

Understanding Cemetery Symbols by Tui Snider

[The following is an adapted excerpt from my book, Understanding Cemetery Symbols. I hope you enjoy it! Also, full disclosure: that’s an Amazon affiliate link. If you buy my book after clicking it, I make a few pennies at no additional cost to you.]

How symbols evolve: from skulls to cherubs

Just like other symbols, the meaning of skulls depends upon its context in time, place, and religious belief. Skulls, or a skull and crossbones, are frequently seen on early American headstones. In the 16th and 17th century, skulls and other mortality symbols served to remind the living of the fleetness of life, and served as a stern remind that they had better behave while they were alive.

(c) Tui Snider - skull and crossbones were once quite common on headstones
(c) Tui Snider – skull and crossbones were once quite common on headstones

Symbolic meanings evolve

In the 21st century, however, skulls often have a different connotation. For instance, I once toured London’s Highgate Cemetery with a group of people that included members of a motorcycle club. As the tour guide pointed out various mortality symbols in the cemetery, I was struck by how many of the bikers in our tour had skulls on their clothing. Today, skulls aren’t simply a mortality symbol; they also convey a sense of machismo and the idea that someone is a daredevil.

(c) Tui Snider -skulls symbolize different things today
(c) Tui Snider -skulls symbolize different things today

Bikers vs Pilgrims

On the other hand, America’s Puritans certainly weren’t trying to be macho or impress us by how tough they were. They lived in a time and place when simply trying to make it from one day to the next was challenging enough.

As the Puritans’ grim outlook on life began to ease its grip on America’s psyche, the imagery used on tombstones began changing, too. By the 1690’s, skulls were gradually displaced by a human face with wings. Sometimes called “soul effigies,” these winged faces were not meant to be an accurate representation of any particular person. Instead, they symbolize the soul’s flight to Heaven.

(c) Tui Snider - a "death's head," or "soul effigy."
(c) Tui Snider – a “death’s head,” or “soul effigy.”

Victorian cherubs

By the Victorian Era, soul effigies were eclipsed by children’s faces with wings, as well as sweet-faced cherubs and winged toddlers. That’s all for now, but there is so much more we could explore. It really is fascinating to learn about the symbolism behind hands, hearts, and other body parts in historic graveyards!

(c) Tui Snider - sweet little cherub from the Victorian Era
(c) Tui Snider – sweet little cherub from the Victorian Era

Want to learn more about cemetery symbols?

BLOG POSTS: Click here to read a whole bunch more blog posts about historic graveyards and cemetery symbols. I’m constantly adding new content here!

READ MY BOOK: Check out my book, Understanding Cemetery Symbols. It’s available on Amazon in paperback and ebook form.

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Tui Snider
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Tui Snider

Tui Snider is an author, speaker, and photographer who specializes in North Texas travel, cemetery symbols, and haunted lore. As she puts it, “I used to write fiction – but then, I moved to Texas!”

Snider’s best-selling books include Paranormal Texas , Understanding Cemetery Symbols, and 100 Things to Do in Dallas - Fort Worth Before You Die.

Snider has several more books in progress, and enjoys connecting with writers and readers all over the globe through social media, her newsletter and her website:

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Published in#TuiSnider #Texas #author #musicianA to Z ChallengeBlog on Writing & LifeBlog PostsCemeteries & SymbolismHistoric CemeteriesMy Books


  1. Interesting. I’m sure all the info you share about cemeteries will end up somewhere in a story :-)

    • I hope so! All these little tidbits could maybe even inspire a story! Thanks for visiting! :)

  2. I first learned about the evolution from skulls to cherubs in a delightful little book by James Deetz called In Small Things Forgotten.

    • Sounds like a book I would enjoy, Liam! Thank you for telling me about it. I will put it on my list to look for! :)

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